Land-Use and Infrastructure Design
Global investment in smart city technologies, including utilities, transportation, buildings, and government, has been estimated at over $4 billion in 2011, and it is forecast to exceed $15 billion by 2020.
Integrated land use planning and associated transportation infrastructure dramatically impact energy use and efficiency within given communities. The scale and scope of such efforts vary widely, and these impacts have not yet been quantified. However, the idea of smart cities, defined as the integration of technology into a strategic approach to sustainability, citizen well-being, and economic development, is becoming a unifying concept for evaluating the value of these efforts. Though not explicitly included in the analysis of the advanced energy market, global investment in smart city technologies, including utilities, transportation, buildings, and government, has been estimated at over $4 billion in 2011, and it is forecast to exceed $15 billion by 2020. Key technologies underlying these investments include advanced control systems, communications, sensor networks, analytics software, and Internet services.
- Propulsion Systems
- Vehicle Design and Materials
- Freight Logistics
- Land-Use and Infrastructure Design
- Enabling Information Technology
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